Photos / Sounds

What

Guzmania (Genus Guzmania)

Observer

pao_montero

Date

January 12, 2023 11:36 AM -05

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What

Staghorn Ferns (Genus Platycerium)

Observer

azamuddeen_nasir

Date

December 25, 2022 12:51 PM +08

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Observer

tapi45

Date

August 27, 2021 03:58 PM -03

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Observer

sofiabr

Date

September 9, 2022 11:51 AM -05

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Observer

gego

Date

January 19, 2020 12:15 PM -05

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What

Airplants (Genus Tillandsia)

Date

November 26, 2022 05:01 PM -05

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Observer

mili_tarabay

Date

December 1, 2022 09:12 AM -03

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Observer

flavioubaid

Date

December 10, 2022 08:55 AM -03

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Observer

saul_pinedo

Date

December 12, 2020 03:02 PM CST

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Observer

markod

Date

December 31, 2019 10:05 AM CET

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What

Maidenhair Spleenwort (Asplenium trichomanes)

Observer

amujcinovic

Date

November 21, 2022 10:32 AM CET

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What

Genus Puya

Observer

marcoacuna

Date

November 2016

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Observer

arnaud_aury

Date

November 5, 2022 10:57 PM -03

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Observer

pao_montero

Date

June 29, 2022 12:57 PM -05

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What

Madder Family (Family Rubiaceae)

Observer

m-rodriguez

Date

August 26, 2021 12:57 PM EST

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Observer

leoleiva

Date

October 2, 2022 07:27 AM -03

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What

Bromeliads (Family Bromeliaceae)

Observer

ramon_d

Date

October 3, 2022 12:17 AM EST

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Observer

lucie_c

Place

Portugal (Google, OSM)

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Observer

ariane_sadhaka

Date

November 2, 2018 03:57 PM -03

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Observer

eduardojackson

Date

March 11, 2022 02:38 PM -05

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Observer

eduardojackson

Date

November 6, 2021 07:16 AM UTC

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What

Creeping Bluet (Oldenlandiopsis callitrichoides)

Date

August 31, 2022 11:04 AM -03

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Observer

lawrencehylton

Date

March 2019

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What

Blanket Fern (Asplenium subglandulosum)

Observer

mrarrow

Date

July 2022

Place

Private

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Observer

spirotheca

Date

August 25, 2022 06:17 PM -05

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What

Catopsis (Genus Catopsis)

Observer

idlegrraphics

Date

August 14, 2022 12:04 PM CDT

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What

Racinaea (Genus Racinaea)

Observer

benoit_segerer

Date

July 10, 2022 11:55 AM -05

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Observer

dayvson_costa

Date

March 26, 2015 08:45 PM UTC

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What

Ghostplants (Genus Voyria)

Date

July 8, 2022 07:30 PM -03

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Observer

vfarjalla

Date

January 29, 2022 04:46 PM -03

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What

Airplants (Genus Tillandsia)

Observer

desertnaturalist

Date

January 28, 2022 10:39 AM PST

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What

Airplants (Genus Tillandsia)

Date

March 5, 2022 02:10 PM CST

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Observer

diego_amazonia

Date

March 6, 2022 05:05 PM -05

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Observer

alfredoenviro

Date

February 23, 2022 04:24 PM -03

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Observer

lszterrill

Date

January 1, 2022 11:59 AM -05

Photos / Sounds

Date

January 2018

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Observer

leonardomercon

Date

August 27, 2020 04:07 PM -03

Description

Foto feita para o livro "Últimos Refúgios: Da Pedra Azul ao Forno Grande", do Instituto Últimos Refúgios. 
_
O livro "Últimos Refúgios: De Pedra Azul ao Forno Grande" foi um projeto executado através da Lei de Incentivo à Cultura, realizado pelo Instituto Últimos Refúgios, Secretaria Especial de Cultura e Ministério do Turismo, com patrocínio do Grupo Águia Branca (@grupoaguiabranca), Medsênior (@medsenior_ig) e Diaço Distribuidora de Aço S/A (@grupodiaco); e apoio do Instituto Estadual do Meio Ambiente (IEMA), Reserva Ambiental Águia Branca (@reservaaguiabranca), Parque Estadual da Pedra Azul (@pe.pedraazul), Parque Estadual do Forno Grande (@pe.fornogrande), Ecoparque Pedra Azul Aventura (@ecoparque_pedra_azul_aventura), Instituto O Canal (@institutoocanal), MAKNA e Ripple Essentials (@useripple).

-------------- ENGLISH -----------------------
Photo taken for the book "Últimos Refúgios: Da Pedra Azul ao Forno Grande", by the Instituto Últimos Refúgios (Last Natural Refuges Institute). (Picture taken before the official execution period of the project. However the idea of the project already existed).
_
The book "Últimos Refúgios: From Pedra Azul to Forno Grande" was a project carried out under the Brazilian Culture Incentive Law.

Photos / Sounds

What

Tillandsioids (Subfamily Tillandsioideae)

Observer

leonardomercon

Date

November 6, 2019 10:17 AM -03

Description

Foto feita para o livro "Últimos Refúgios: Da Pedra Azul ao Forno Grande", do Instituto Últimos Refúgios. 
_
O livro "Últimos Refúgios: De Pedra Azul ao Forno Grande" foi um projeto executado através da Lei de Incentivo à Cultura, realizado pelo Instituto Últimos Refúgios, Secretaria Especial de Cultura e Ministério do Turismo, com patrocínio do Grupo Águia Branca (@grupoaguiabranca), Medsênior (@medsenior_ig) e Diaço Distribuidora de Aço S/A (@grupodiaco); e apoio do Instituto Estadual do Meio Ambiente (IEMA), Reserva Ambiental Águia Branca (@reservaaguiabranca), Parque Estadual da Pedra Azul (@pe.pedraazul), Parque Estadual do Forno Grande (@pe.fornogrande), Ecoparque Pedra Azul Aventura (@ecoparque_pedra_azul_aventura), Instituto O Canal (@institutoocanal), MAKNA e Ripple Essentials (@useripple).

-------------- ENGLISH -----------------------
Photo taken for the book "Últimos Refúgios: Da Pedra Azul ao Forno Grande", by the Instituto Últimos Refúgios (Last Natural Refuges Institute). (Picture taken before the official execution period of the project. However the idea of the project already existed).
_
The book "Últimos Refúgios: From Pedra Azul to Forno Grande" was a project carried out under the Brazilian Culture Incentive Law.

Photos / Sounds

What

Airplants (Genus Tillandsia)

Observer

andyjordan

Date

February 3, 2014 06:36 AM CST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

julianocosta

Date

May 3, 2021 09:07 PM -03

Description

Gravatá-do-toropi (espécie endêmica)

Photos / Sounds

Date

June 11, 2021 11:59 AM -04

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Observer

jose_balderrama

Date

February 2021

Photos / Sounds

What

Airplants (Genus Tillandsia)

Observer

agaporni

Date

July 18, 2021 11:24 AM CDT

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Observer

apipa

Date

August 6, 2021 11:00 AM UTC

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Observer

arthurchp

Date

August 6, 2021 08:01 AM HST

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Observer

argonauta

Date

July 31, 2019 09:22 AM CDT

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Observer

nestorh

Date

July 23, 2021 06:25 AM CST

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Observer

michaelweymann

Date

July 2021

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Observer

andresraza

Date

December 31, 2020 04:05 PM -05

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Observer

dayvson_costa

Date

August 31, 2013 06:49 PM UTC

Photos / Sounds

Observer

d_b

Date

June 13, 2021 08:11 AM CDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Bromeliads (Family Bromeliaceae)

Observer

santiagoorc

Date

June 16, 2021 08:13 PM UTC

Photos / Sounds

What

Bromeliads (Family Bromeliaceae)

Observer

astudilloj

Date

October 2020

Place

Private

Description

smart

Photos / Sounds

What

Guzmania (Genus Guzmania)

Observer

agbentley77

Date

January 16, 2020 07:45 PM EST

Photos / Sounds

What

Guzmania (Genus Guzmania)

Observer

agbentley77

Date

February 20, 2020 11:23 AM EST

Photos / Sounds

What

Tillandsioids (Subfamily Tillandsioideae)

Observer

naneumann

Date

February 23, 2021 06:30 PM -03

Photos / Sounds

Observer

rogerriodias

Date

November 16, 2012 06:02 PM -02

Photos / Sounds

Observer

flores-palacios

Date

May 29, 2021 05:18 PM SST

Photos / Sounds

Date

May 28, 2021 08:46 PM SAST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

coqwallon

Date

February 13, 1993

Description

My beautiful picture

Photos / Sounds

What

Potbelly Airplant (Tillandsia paucifolia)

Observer

blakesito

Date

May 17, 2021 02:29 PM CDT

Photos / Sounds

Observer

saravcohdz

Date

April 15, 2021 07:05 AM CDT

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Observer

diegoamaya

Date

April 30, 2021 08:42 AM -05

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Observer

wilsonpni

Date

November 12, 2016 07:42 AM -02

Photos / Sounds

Observer

vfarjalla

Date

March 17, 2021 04:52 PM -03

Photos / Sounds

What

Cardinal Airplant (Tillandsia fasciculata)

Date

December 10, 2013 04:01 PM UTC

Photos / Sounds

Observer

rojas-runjaic

Date

November 21, 2016 12:18 PM -02

Photos / Sounds

What

Tillandsioids (Subfamily Tillandsioideae)

Observer

johntrent

Date

November 27, 2019 08:56 AM CST

Photos / Sounds

What

Powdery-strap Bromeliad (Catopsis berteroniana)

Observer

valeria_sedano

Date

April 11, 2021 06:26 PM UTC

Photos / Sounds

Observer

gabrieltojo

Date

April 10, 2021 12:38 PM SAST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

jtotero

Date

April 11, 2021 04:28 PM EDT

Photos / Sounds

What

Annobón Straw-coloured Fruit Bat (Eidolon helvum ssp. annobonensis)

Observer

ali_bat

Date

October 2010

Place

Missing Location

Description

Excerpt from Peel et al (2017)

See Peel et al (2017) for full listing of locations.

Location: In mid-May 2010 (dry season), two colonies were identified in the south of the island (Figure S2.10), the first, at Adjo (where sampling occurred: 1.58971, 7.3373), north-east of M‡bana, and another nearby at VitŽ, on the path between M‡bana and Aual. The terrain precluded accurate roost or nightly emergence counts, however population sizes at Adjo and VitŽ were estimated at approximately 1000 Ð 1500 bats and 600 Ð1500 bats, respectively. A site where bats had previously been seen roosting near San Juan in the north of the island was empty
In late October/early November 2011 (wet season) six roosts were located, all of them of small size (10-80 bats). Two roosts were observed in the northwest of the island: one near Pali‡ cove (where sampling occurred: 1.4181389 S, 5.6188391 E), and another by a stream 600 m to the south of Pali‡. Another small roost was located in the San Juan valley, in the northeast of the island. One small roost was also located in the centre-west of the island, 1.5 km to the north of Aual. The roosts in the south that harboured hundreds of bats in May 2010 (VitŽ and Adjo) were occupied again but this time only a few dozen bats were present.
In mid-June 2014 (dry season), the roosts in the north of the island were vacated, with only the VitŽ and Adjo roosts being occupied. The large colony of VitŽ (1.459736 S, 5.630429 E) was sampled and its population size estimated at 1,000-1,500 bats.
The island is very small but rugged and other small colonies are likely to exist but we think the existence of undetected large colonies is less likely.
Bats can be seen flying over most of the island and they have also been observed feeding on fruiting trees (e.g. breadfruit, mangoes, bananas) in many areas of the island, including the town of PalŽ. Even at times when the roosts are concentrated in the south of the island some bats are still observed feeding on trees in the northern areas.

Reproductive seasonality: In mid-May 2010, adult females were in very early or early stages of pregnancy and no juveniles were observed in the colony. In mid-June 2014 there were some females in mid stage of pregnancy while others were still in very early to early stages. Based on a gestation period of 4 months, the birthing time was estimated as mid- September. In late October and early November 2011 several females were observed carrying neonates in flight, and one of these pairs was captured in the nets. The proportion of females carrying neonates from the total of flying bats observed appeared to decrease from late October to early November; we made three sampling counts in the north of the island on 25th October (27% of flying bats were females with neonates attached; n = 15), 8th November (5% were females with neonates attached; n = 20), and 10th November (no females carrying neonates were observed; n = 19). While simple sizes are small, this observation likely corresponds with females leaving their juvenile pups at the roost site overnight.
The birthing season seems to occur just before the onset of the wet season. There are two climatological seasons in Annob—n; the dry season from March/April to September/October and the wet season from October/November to February/March. The wet season is when most fruits ripen (e.g., mangoes ripen between October and January).

The climatological seasons and/or the reproductive stages also seem to govern the distribution of roosts in the island. Around the beginning of the birth pulse, when females are lactating, (at the start of the wet season) bats are spread in small roosts (less than 100 individuals) dispersed throughout the island (Similar to observations on S‹o TomŽ). However, in the dry season, when females are in the early stages of pregnancy, most of the bats seem to be concentrated in just two large colonies in the southern area of the island. The South, with its cloud-catching peaks is the wettest part of the island due to the southerly nature of the prevailing winds in this oceanic region. It is also the area where the fruiting season of trees extends beyond that of the northern areas (e.g. mangoes season ends in December in the north while one month later many are still ripping in the south).

Roost structure: The proportion of adults vs. sexually immatures among captured individuals was similar for May 2010 and June 2014 in the southern large roosts, with around 60% adults vs. 40 % SI. A higher proportion of adults were captured in the Pali‡ roost in October/November 2011 (86% adults vs. 14% SI). One neonate bat was also captured attached to its mother in 2011.
The proportion of males vs. females varied from 56% males and 44% females in May 2010 and October/November 2011 to 66% males vs. 34% females in June 2014.

Bat-human interactions: Domestic pigs were observed foraging under a breadfruit tree and banana plantation where E. helvum bats were observed feeding during the night. People also regularly collect fruits from and under the same trees where bats feed. Informal investigations revealed that E. helvum bats are eaten infrequently in Annob—n. Children or teenagers have been observed playfully using stones to harass bats feeding in mango trees in the town (PalŽ), and they were reported to occasionally kill bats feeding close to urban areas with slingshots for consumption. Adults reported that they would not eat bats, either because of a dislike of the taste and smell, or because of an association with witchcraft.

Isolation and differentiation: Juste et al. (2000) established that the E. helvum population on Annob—n is significantly smaller in body size than populations on the nearest islands or on continental Africa. This was supported in this study. Additionally, strong genetic differentiation (Juste et al. 2000; Peel et al. 2013) is apparent and it has been proposed that Annob—nÕs geographic isolation has resulted in sufficient genetic differentiation of E. helvum on the island for its designation as a separate subspecies, E. helvum annobonensis (Juste et al. 2000).

Refs:
Peel, A. J., J. L. N. Wood, K. S. Baker, A. C. Breed, A. de Carvalho, A. Fern‡ndez-Loras, H. S. Gabrieli, G. Gembu, V. A. Kakengi, P. M. Kaliba, R. M. Kityo, T. Lembo, F. Esono Mba, D. Ramos, I. Rodriguez-Prieto, R. Suu-Ire, A. A. Cunningham, D. T. S. Hayman 2017 How does AfricaÕs most hunted bat vary across the continent? Population traits of the straw-coloured fruit bat (Eidolon helvum) and its interactions with humans. Acta Chiropterologica 19(1)

http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.3161/15081109ACC2017.19.1.006

Photos / Sounds

What

Bromelioids (Subfamily Bromelioideae)

Observer

mananaamadocosta

Date

May 2017

Description

Mata Atlântica de Altitude.

Photos / Sounds

What

Racinaea (Genus Racinaea)

Observer

jose_balderrama

Date

December 9, 2020 02:51 AM UTC

Place

Yanamayu (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Date

January 5, 2021 12:24 PM -05

Photos / Sounds

What

Christmas Jewels (Aechmea racinae)

Observer

carlos1098

Date

January 23, 2021 09:25 AM UTC

Photos / Sounds

What

Guzmania (Genus Guzmania)

Observer

anabenavides

Date

April 29, 2019

Photos / Sounds

What

Guzmania (Genus Guzmania)

Date

March 20, 2016

Description

3300msnm

Photos / Sounds

Observer

ryansteiner

Date

December 2020

Photos / Sounds

Date

December 26, 2020 10:25 AM EST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

apipa

Date

December 2020

Place

Colombia (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

What

Dubious Quill (Brachypodella dubia)

Observer

jmeerman

Date

September 11, 2020 08:11 PM CST

Photos / Sounds

What

Spleenworts (Genus Asplenium)

Observer

jmeerman

Date

October 12, 2020 10:31 AM CST

Description

On limestone cliff

Photos / Sounds

Observer

darwin20

Date

April 28, 2019 12:23 PM -05

Photos / Sounds

What

Bromelioids (Subfamily Bromelioideae)

Observer

darwin20

Date

April 27, 2019 11:33 AM -05

Photos / Sounds

What

Bromelioids (Subfamily Bromelioideae)

Observer

aaronnelson

Date

December 31, 2018

Photos / Sounds

Observer

arutamecotours

Date

July 25, 2015 01:22 PM -05

Photos / Sounds

Observer

martinobando

Date

March 28, 2020 01:37 PM -05

Description

Sendero campamento

Photos / Sounds

Observer

frankdietze

Date

December 20, 2015 05:39 PM -05

Photos / Sounds

What

Guzmania (Genus Guzmania)

Observer

tomas_hinestroza

Date

April 18, 2019 02:46 PM -05

Photos / Sounds

Observer

gesnerio

Date

July 26, 2013

Photos / Sounds

Observer

basiliomaciel

Date

January 25, 2020 05:39 PM -03

Description

Chácara Helicônia / Farm

Photos / Sounds

Observer

adrianomaciel

Date

December 26, 2005 09:13 AM HST

Photos / Sounds

Observer

nelson_wisnik

Date

August 9, 2018

Photos / Sounds

Observer

siekkinen

Date

March 2015

Place

Bahia, BR (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Observer

micaelalocke903

Date

November 18, 2020 08:51 AM -03

Photos / Sounds

Observer

jlcartes

Date

December 6, 2020 12:27 PM -05

Photos / Sounds

Observer

vitalyalyonkin

Date

August 15, 2018 09:57 AM MSK