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Photos / Sounds

What

Hare's Foot Inkcap Coprinopsis lagopus

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

April 4, 2020 11:51 AM NZDT

Description

Handful growing on mulch. This was only one not deliquescenced

Spores black and have germination spore.

https://www.mushroomexpert.com/coprinopsis_lagopus.html states that "Pleurocystidia enormous; variously shaped; 70-150 x 20-60 µ; cheilocystidia similar.'

Have captured what I think is the cystidia. Very visible even under 450x magnification. Eyeball guess (very unreliable) puts the ratio between spores ('Spores 10-14 x 6-8.5 µ') and cystida to be approximately correct.

Also found other weird looking things, might be contamination of sample, or just random stuff.

Stain was two part dentists for plaque. Red for fresh plaque (one would assume sugars) and blue for older plaque (one would assume carbohydrates).

Stain flushed with KOH and mounted in KOH.

Photos / Sounds

What

White Dapperling Leucoagaricus leucothites

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

April 3, 2020 05:47 PM NZDT

Description

Growing in grass. Smooth / velvet cap. In picking didn't get all of it, so can't see if bulbish base.

Stem hollow, and fibrous. Ring, and gills adnexed.

Spore print white, spores had clear hilar appendage (if I got my terms correct). And thick spore wall.

Spores done both in potassium Iodide and potassium hydroxide. Spores slightly brown in iodine.

No discoloration on KOH on cap

Photos / Sounds

What

Yellow Fieldcap Bolbitius titubans

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

April 2, 2020 06:00 PM NZDT

Description

Single, growing in grass with alder nearby. Was exposed to direct sunlight and wind, so is dehydrate a a bit old.

Was yellow upon damage to stem, and lighter yellow on rest of the stem. Stem hollow and when touched damage would rub off 'dust' on the surface of the stem.

Cap has

Spores brown under KOH mounting solution. This surprised me. Have germination pore.

Pavement Cells to my untrained eye looked different than 'normal' for gills. Very round and gaps in between. Two photos attached.

No evidence of a ring. Gills either free of just adnate.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

April 2, 2020 05:59 PM NZDT

Description

Common at our location, both in spring and autumn. Growing on mulch around trees.

No evidence of ring.

The spores were semi-translucent. Not solid as expected. Germination pore. Mounted in KCL .

What is interesting is that the lower magnification of ~450 gave much better view of a gill surface, compared to the 1000x. I suspect this is due to the light, or lack of it, with such narrow lens acceptance angle on the 1000x and likely a shorter depth of field.

This was looking at a gill edge from a whole gill (not a transect across the gill). So any cystidia present would be pilocystidia. But I am not yet confident that I know what cystidia looks like.

Photos / Sounds

What

Earthballs Genus Scleroderma

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

April 1, 2020 11:54 AM NZDT

Description

Smaller ones really perplexed me as they were very close to a large root of an non Ecto mycorrhizal tree had to go to the other side of this clump of trees to find a host (pin oaks). These pin oaks were some distance away. However a bit further along the lake edge, found a single large earthball, again some distance away from the pin oaks. So clearly can fruit at distance.

Some slight red color change on cutting on immature one.

Photos / Sounds

What

Field and Button Mushrooms Genus Agaricus

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

April 1, 2020 11:52 AM NZDT

Description

These caught my eye as they had very scaly brown caps.

Environment was park on lake edge. Water fowl droppings plentiful. Lawns mown regularly. Multiple pin oaks close together. Soil damp in this area as it was close to water level / lake edge.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

April 1, 2020 11:47 AM NZDT

Description

Environment was park on lake edge. Water fowl droppings plentiful. Lawns mown regularly. Multiple pin oaks close together. Soil damp in this area as it was close to water level / lake edge.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

April 1, 2020 11:45 AM NZDT

Description

Associated with Pin oaks. Large numbers. All except 1 small the size of coins. Blueing on bruising.

Environment was park on lake edge. Water fowl droppings plentiful. Lawns mown regularly. Multiple pin oaks close together. Soil damp in this area as it was close to water level / lake edge.

Photos / Sounds

What

Gilled Mushrooms Order Agaricales

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

April 1, 2020 11:44 AM NZDT

Description

Associated with Pin oaks. Three fruiting bodies. Small. Very waxy / slippery feel when wet. Aroma strong, unpleasant and distinct. Not sure how I would describe it.

Gills don't seem decurrent, but all other adnate. Possibly because it is still very young.

Negative KOH reaction. Flesh did stain with KI in which mico photos were taken. Spores very uncommon, which indicates an immature / young specimen? Spores in photo are still embedded / on top of gill. No spore print on slide.

Environment was park on lake edge. Water fowl droppings plentiful. Lawns mown regularly. Multiple pin oaks close together. Soil damp in this area as it was close to water level / lake edge.

Photos / Sounds

What

Rollrims Genus Paxillus

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

April 1, 2020 11:43 AM NZDT

Description

Associated with Pin oaks.

Environment was park on lake edge. Water fowl droppings plentiful. Lawns mown regularly. Multiple pin oaks close together. Soil damp in this area as it was close to water level / lake edge.

Photos / Sounds

What

Pale Brittlestem Psathyrella candolleana

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 31, 2020 04:55 PM NZDT

Description

Two single fruiting bodies, growing on wood under grass in two different locations.

Interestingly many spores (from spore print) were circular instead of oval. This indicates to me that they were vertical in dimension, but moving focus knob didn't seem to move the focus down/up the spore. So maybe there were truly circles and not ovals.

Photos / Sounds

What

Chip Cherries Leratiomyces ceres

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 31, 2020 04:56 PM NZDT

Description

Growing under grass on wood chips. Just two older fruiting bodies.

Photos / Sounds

What

Coprinellus Sect Micacei Section Micacei

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 30, 2020 11:04 AM NZDT

Description

Growing around base and roots of old style shelter belt (exotic).

Did not realize that the cap surface under the scope looks like mica as well as the glistening material on them when they are young.

Not sure if they are auto-digesting, or just getting old.

Saw a number of the basidia, but very hard to photograph given my setup / expertise.

Do believe that the one uploaded, has four immature spores on it. Literature indicates that there are four waves of maturing basidia. And that they have four spores per cell. Most I saw under the scope had three spores attached, but this one appeared to have four.

Photos / Sounds

What

Tropical Armyworm Moth Spodoptera litura

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 28, 2020 11:56 AM NZDT

Description

Found two of these hiding under agaricus fruiting bodies. Location in pasture, close to pin oaks. Pasture had cows, but also is left fallow / left for cutting at times.

Photos / Sounds

What

Field and Button Mushrooms Genus Agaricus

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 28, 2020 11:54 AM NZDT

Description

In a field that is mown, or cows present. Not farmed intensively but more ad hoc basis.

Was a lot of agaricus about, but this one was intriguing. Was in a 'fairy ring' (more of a line than a ring). But there was a pinkness to the cap edges that hadn't seen before. And the cap was consistently scaley.

Photos / Sounds

What

Brittlestems Genus Psathyrella

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 28, 2020 12:27 PM NZDT

Description

Growing on wood chip.

Finally managed to find some basidia under the microscope. Very difficult to get all in focus. Appeared to be a two horned beast / two triangles put onto of the cell.

To obtain these, had to set system up so that all the bits of dust, grime etc also showed up on the lens etc.

Also with these settings, and the camera taking very bright shots the spores instead of being solid black, had a mottled appearance. So this may explain why previous panaeolus observation the spores were uniformly black.

Obvious germination pore of the spores.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 27, 2020 05:42 PM NZDT

Description

This is very common at our place, and have made ob's of it before. For example:

https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/21461152

Grows on mulch / wood chip of unknown origin. No garlic or cabbage aroma. More musty and earthy upon cushing

No reaction to KOH

Have taken shots of cap dyed with methylene blue. First two photos are of the cap hyphae (I thinkg). I think a hyphae clamp (if I got my noun right).

Also associated with the gill section was a number of features. I think I am observing warts on the Chrysocystidia for the first time. (next photo)

Spores were light colored (didn't get thick enough deposit to call if white or other pale color). They were mounted in KI.

Last photo returns of the cap, with a trident / three pronged thing. Which hopefully is an ID feature.

Attempted to key out with https://www.funnz.org.nz/sites/default/files/MycNotes31-GymnopusAndAllies_1.pdf

But ran into issues as no aroma (or maybe my ability to run the key).

Photos / Sounds

What

Holm Oak Quercus ilex

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 27, 2020 01:46 PM NZDT

Description

Reminded me of an evergreen oak, but the leaves did not have spikes on them, so could well be wrong.

Located in an old reserve / park area. Other oaks nearby of possible similar age, as well as other ornamentals.

Photos / Sounds

What

Field and Button Mushrooms Genus Agaricus

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 27, 2020 01:33 PM NZDT

Description

Growing in pasture. Looks like it had been cut for hay, as no cow pats visible.

Were also lines in the grass, as well as the ring. The lines had more scales on the surface (no photos of more scaley ones taken).

No yellow staining, mushroom aroma.

Photos / Sounds

What

Mottlegills Genus Panaeolus

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 27, 2020 02:00 PM NZDT

Description

Growing in a pasture field with cattle present. Field not industrial farmed.

Spores in KOH. Black spore print.

Was going to say Panaeolus foenisecii. But comparing the spores online, some P foenisecii spores look like these. However others look different, with some being divided into two section, and others having spines. So not sure what to think now.

Photos / Sounds

What

Common Fieldcap Agrocybe pediades

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 26, 2020 10:01 AM NZDT

Description

Single, growing in mown council park, along side agaricus fruiting bodies.

Ring absent, but markings on stipe indicate veil

UK and EU book indicate from photographs and description that A. pediades is a possibility and this is present in NZ https://virtualmycota.landcareresearch.co.nz/webforms/vM_Species_Details.aspx?pk=16317

Spore shot is from gill ~1000x. Mixture of mature and immature spores as not spore print.

Would appear at least one spore has the nipple on the end. And many have germ pore? flattened end. Some did have the wider cell wall.

https://virtualmycota.landcareresearch.co.nz/webforms/ViewLargerImage.aspx?isGenus=false&PK=5156.

Also stumbled across what I think are Cheilocystidia.

These have been manipulated post photo to enhance outline. As my cellphone camera isn't great.

Also see:
https://www.first-nature.com/fungi/agrocybe-pediades.php

https://www.mushroomexpert.com/agrocybe_pediades.html

Fungi

Photos / Sounds

What

Fungi Including Lichens Kingdom Fungi

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 25, 2020 07:25 PM NZDT

Description

This infected fruiting body was found associated with this observation.
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/40682387

Did wonder if this was the veil and some combo of weather conditions resulted in the veil sticking to the gills. But given this fruiting body was the only one showing this, assume it is an infection.

Seemed to be on the surface of the gills, not going deeper. Also wonder why it seemed limited to a specific diameter and larger.

Photos / Sounds

What

Field and Button Mushrooms Genus Agaricus

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 25, 2020 07:18 PM NZDT

Description

A cluster growing where they would have got afternoon sun, and exposed to constant wind. Were leather to feel as felt dehydrated.

Size was small being a couple of cm.

Photos / Sounds

What

Field and Button Mushrooms Genus Agaricus

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 25, 2020 07:10 PM NZDT

Description

Growing on a primary school field.

No yellow or red staining (although didn't cut vertically). Aroma vaguely of mushrooms.

Did think we had two different species, but reading up subject, think we just have natural variation.

Caps had variation from white and smooth through to brownish / scaly.

Veil was fragile and no ring present. The stem below the veil was rough and looked somewhat scaley. Larger fruiting bodies had small remnants of the veil around the outside, but not always.

The gills were pink, and with age turned deep brown. Cap was slightly convex on the presumably oldest specimen.

Size was palm sized with the larger fruiting bodies

Photos / Sounds

What

Field and Button Mushrooms Genus Agaricus

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 24, 2020 05:42 PM NZDT

Description

Single, on grass. Close to lake edge, and highly likely water foul, have defecated in this area over summer.

Negative to KOH reaction. Ring absent. Aroma of mushroom. No yellow bruising.

Mounting fluid is KI in both cases.

What is hopefully a Cheilocystidia was in an aqueduct mount. Where as the spore shot is looking at a gill.

Couldn't find any other mico features.

Photos / Sounds

Square

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 24, 2020 02:55 PM NZDT

Description

Old, associated with birch / silver birch.

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Camembert Brittlegill Russula amoenolens

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 24, 2020 02:54 PM NZDT

Description

Associated with silver birch. Appeared dried, which was surprising given rain over last two days. Distinctive aroma.

Photos / Sounds

What

Amur Carp Cyprinus rubrofuscus

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 23, 2020 12:49 PM NZDT

Description

Counted 55 of the carp feeding / slowly swimming up stream where the stream flowed into the lake. I assume feeding behavior, and seemed to enjoy the current.

Some made it over the very shallow bottom into the deeper water of the stream.

Struck me as especially interesting as it has been a number of years since the lake became sealed at the entrance to carp. So are these a local population? Or migrating somehow?

Photos / Sounds

What

Turkey-Tail Trametes versicolor

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 23, 2020 12:32 PM NZDT

Description

Growing on what was most likely an acadia log from a tree cut down 1-2 years ago.

Pores 3-4 per mm. Leathery texture. Pore depth about 25% of width

Photos / Sounds

What

Splitgill Mushroom Schizophyllum commune

Observer

davidwhyte

Date

March 22, 2020 02:52 PM NZDT

Description

Old / dehydrated. Growing on old stump. Most likely an exotic.

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