Bio-111_project's Journal

October 21, 2021

Leatisha Ramloll - Peeling Oysterling

The peeling oysterling is a saprobic fungi, meaning it decomposes organic matter in order to produce energy. It is commonly found on dead trunks and fallen branches of Oak and Beech trees. This fungi can also be found in shaded damp forests especially where the air is moist due to waterfalls or tumbling streams. This fungi can be distinguished from other edible Oyster Mushrooms thanks to its brown spore print (compared to the white spore prints of the others).

Posted on October 21, 2021 02:51 by leatisharamloll leatisharamloll | 0 comments | Leave a comment

October 20, 2021

Amanite Flavoconia

Amanite flavoconia is the prototype of the popular representation of mushrooms. This fungus spreads into the air with a tall stalk and a wide symmetrical cap preceded by regular gills and a ring. It is very colorful, common in Canada and reproduces from July to November.
It plays a pivotal role in the food chain as is mycorrhizal, meaning that it fixes nitrogen in a form that plants can use. However, apart from its ecological advantage, it is not directly helpful to humans. It is very toxic to the extent that certain types of amanites can kill someone even if a very small quantity is ingested.

Posted on October 20, 2021 03:22 by arthur291 arthur291 | 1 comment | Leave a comment

October 19, 2021

Genus Armillaria (honey mushrooms)

Honey mushrooms are widely considered to be excellent edible mushrooms across the world, but only when properly prepared as it is slightly toxic when consumed raw, as demonstrated by the Government of Norway’s declaration of the fungi as toxic following the discouragement of the use of preparation methods most often used prior to consuming the mushroom. However, perhaps its most fascinating human use is its relevance in Asian medicine where its organic compounds such as peptides and sterols would potentially lead to it being an effective antimicrobial and anti carcinogenic. There is also currently research underway testing its efficacy as an antioxidant and its anti-edema properties, which concluded that these mushrooms do have dietary benefits, and have high antioxidant properties. They are not currently used in the pharmaceutical industry, despite its potential as an antioxidant and an anti-inflammatory substance has been noted by health organizations such as the National Health Institute of the United States.

Posted on October 19, 2021 18:11 by annabeyea annabeyea | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Fungi - Common Bonnet

Mycena galericulata, which is more commonly known as a common bonnet, is a small, grayish-white mushroom that has a conical cap when young that becomes a broad umbo as it ages. They grow in small clusters in areas, such as in forests, with a lot of decaying stumps, logs, branches, and in particular in areas with hardwood or coniferous wood. Interestingly, common bonnets have been recorded on all continents except for South America and Antarctica. Additionally, Mycena galericulata can be found year round, but they are more commonly found during summer and fall and they are generally considered inedible.

Posted on October 19, 2021 02:24 by lisatsyhanok lisatsyhanok | 0 comments | Leave a comment

October 17, 2021

Fungi Journal

One of the fungi I observed in mount-royal was Coprinellus. It is a genus of fungi that form mushrooms and it is in the family Psathyrellaceae.

The Psathyrellaceae family is known for the phenomenon called deliquescence. The fruiting body of these fungi will become a blackish inky ooze by autodigestion of the cells of the fruiting body when maturation. Within the Psathyrellaceae family, most of the species that undergo autodigestion are in the Coprinaceae genus.

Coprinellus often live in areas that are wet and rich in nitrogen, for example, muck soils, dung, wet soft decayed wood, lawns garden soils.

Posted on October 17, 2021 18:08 by chenelinor chenelinor | 0 comments | Leave a comment

October 14, 2021

Tracy Cheng - Lab 5 Journal Entry

The common bonnet, also referred to by its scientific name Mycelia Galericulata, is evidently found in vast forests. Specifically, they can be found growing in clusters on hardwood logs and stumps, mainly throughout Eastern North America. Common bonnet mushrooms typically grow within the spring and fall seasons, or even in winter depending on warmer climates. Sense wise, this mushroom can be described as having no distinctive odour and a taste that is somewhat "mealy". When noticing the structure of this fungi, they are generally able to grow a stem of approximately 5-9cm, and 2-5mm thick. Common bonnets usually appear whitish-brown with a very hollow, hooded cap.

References:
Kuo, Michael. (2010, December). Mycelia Galericulata. MushroomExpert.com. https://www.mushroomexpert.com/mycena_galericulata.html

Posted on October 14, 2021 02:12 by tracycheng11 tracycheng11 | 0 comments | Leave a comment

October 12, 2021

Journal 2 - Genus Cerioporus - Fungi Observation

One of the observations we had made during the lab (on the theme of fungi) was the
Genus Cerioporus, a fungi that has been categorized under the much broader group
of eukaryotes. Splitting further on the phylogenetic tree, it falls under the more specific
class of fungi known as Agaricomycetes. It thrives in moist environments, typically
growing off trees in heavily-forested regions. Recently, it has been discovered that the
species of fungi called Polyporus Squamosus (categorized under the Genus
Cerioporus) has certain chemical characteristics that allow it to be officially classified
as an antioxidant, which gives it a new and critical role in the pharmaceutical and
medical field in general. There are a large range of health benefits associated with
antioxidants that mainly involve disease reduction, when they are taken in moderation;
for example, they are linked to playing a role in lowering the risk of the
cardiovascular disease atherosclerosis.
References
Healthwise Staff. (2020, September 23). Antioxidants. Antioxidants | Michigan
Medicine. Retrieved October 12, 2021, from
https://www.uofmhealth.org/health-library/aa111137.
MedlinePlus. (2021, August 4). Antioxidants. MedlinePlus. Retrieved October 12,
2021, from https://medlineplus.gov/antioxidants.html.
mindat.org. (n.d.). Cerioporus. mindat.org. Retrieved October 12, 2021, from
https://www.mindat.org/taxon-7240748.html.
Mocan, A., Fernandes, Â., Baros, L., Crisan, G., Smiljkovic, M., Sokovic, M., &
Ferreira, I. (2018, January 24). Chemical composition and bioactive properties of
the wild mushroom polyporus squamosus (Huds.) FR: A study with samples from
Romania. Food & function. Retrieved October 12, 2021, from
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29168866/.

Posted on October 12, 2021 14:52 by michellezchen michellezchen | 0 comments | Leave a comment

October 06, 2021

Emma Kowal Lab 5 Journal

Trametes versicolor or turkey tail is a common polypore mushroom found throughout the world. Trametes versicolor obtain nutrients from decomposing matter; they break down the deadwood of trees for nutrients, but this process helps clean their environment for new growth showing, that these fungi are involved in symbiotic relationships. Also, Trametes versicolor contains polysaccharides. Research has suggested, their polysaccharides can be utilized in immune therapy as secondary prevention strategies. Trametes versicolor fungi have been studied in three phases of clinical trials in patients with stomach, colorectal, esophageal, and breast cancer. The results from these trials support the hypothesis that immunomodulation can influence the clinical course in breast cancer.

References
Standish, L. J., Wenner, C. A., Sweet, E. S., Bridge, C., Nelson, A., Martzen, M., Novack, J., & Torkelson, C. (2008). Trametes versicolor mushroom immune therapy in breast cancer. Journal of the Society for Integrative Oncology

Posted on October 06, 2021 22:26 by emmakowal emmakowal | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Lab 5 Journal Entry

One of the mushrooms that my group and I found was called the Blue Cheese Polypore. It's scientific name is the Cyanosporus causius or the Postia. The Blue Cheese Polypore can be found it both Europe and North American, although in different spots depending on the continent. The North American Blue Cheese Polypore can be found on standing or fallen trunks or decaying branches of trees. This fungi is not edible and has a fragrant odor. These mushrooms don't have really any explicit function for humans, they mostly function in order to decompose dead trees and branches. The Blue Cheese Polymore is lightly blue or white colored and was discovered for the first time in 1794.

Posted on October 06, 2021 20:52 by bellasidoti bellasidoti | 0 comments | Leave a comment

September 29, 2021

Flowers

Calystegia sepium (hedge false bindweed)
The flower is pink, with five petals. Leave are heart shape not separated into leaflets, edge of the leaf blade has no teeth


Impatiens capensis (jewelweed)
The flower is orange, white and yellow. It has simple alternate leaves (no leaflets) with teeth on the blade. The flower is bilaterally symmetrical. It has three petals that are not fused.


Oxalis dillenii (slender yellow wood sorel)
The flower is yellow, with five unfused petals and sepals. The leaves are compound and alternately arranged with entire blades (no teeth).

Posted on September 29, 2021 15:25 by arthur291 arthur291 | 0 comments | Leave a comment

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