This observation is a first record of an exotic or native taxon wild in all or part of New Zealand. This includes considering public collections and databases outside of iNaturalist NZ.

Datatype: text
Allowed values:
unsure 25
earliest online observation in NZ nationally 69
earliest online observation in this NZ region 190
earliest online observation in this NZ city/district 17
possible first observation of new species to science 4
validated first observation in NZ nationally 30
validated first observation in this NZ region 6
validated first observation in this NZ city/district 0
validated first observation of new species to science 29
Created by: jon_sullivan jon_sullivan
Values:

Observations specifying this field

Observation New Zealand discovery

Photos / Sounds

What

Zebra Danio Danio rerio

Observer

dave_holland

Date

March 5, 2021 03:05 PM NZDT

Description

wild population in a pond that has fresh water but must be running over a thermally heated area as the pond is not freezing cold. huge population of danios in the pond and down the outlet toward the river. possibly already have made it to the river....

earliest online observation in NZ nationally

Photos / Sounds

What

Hardy Kiwifruit Actinidia arguta

Observer

miro

Date

March 25, 2021 04:15 PM NZDT
earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

Square

Date

March 22, 2021 03:55 PM +13
unsure

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

False Bindweeds Genus Calystegia

Date

March 6, 2021 11:56 AM HST

Place

Pukekohe (Google, OSM)

Description

I cropped the original picture, also these flowers are all over the place here.

unsure

Photos / Sounds

Observer

dave_holland

Date

March 3, 2021 09:05 AM NZDT
earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

Observer

dave_holland

Date

March 3, 2021 09:09 AM NZDT
earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

Observer

dave_holland

Date

March 2, 2021 05:37 PM NZDT

Description

a very cool one! hiding in plain view.

earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

Observer

dave_holland

Date

November 23, 2019 03:21 PM NZDT
earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

Observer

dave_holland

Date

March 3, 2021 09:13 AM NZDT
earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

Square

Observer

johnssc

Date

February 9, 2021

Description

At UV light (Heath trap). The only individual seen in three successive nights of light trapping

earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

What

Blueblossom Ceanothus thyrsiflorus

Observer

dave_holland

Date

February 28, 2021 12:53 PM NZDT

Description

wild seedling near planted adult!

earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Mealybug Ladybird Cryptolaemus montrouzieri

Observer

dave_holland

Date

March 27, 2018 01:51 PM NZDT

Description

A very weird little bug about 5mm long.

earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Australian Spotted Jelly Phyllorhiza punctata

Observer

martinsnz

Date

February 28, 2021 12:21 PM +13

Description

Orakei Basin. Correct ID?

unsure

Photos / Sounds

What

Spanish Salsify Scorzonera hispanica

Observer

dave_holland

Date

February 20, 2021 12:50 PM NZDT

Description

wild seedligs of it. it went to seed while i was away from home last summer and now the damn thing is turning up everywhere. i took about a thousand seeds off it this year before they blew away. i suspect i will be finding this bloody everywhere for the next few years as i chase down all the seeds that escaped.

earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

Observer

dave_holland

Date

February 22, 2021 08:23 AM NZDT

Description

flower galls

earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

Observer

dave_holland

Date

February 13, 2021 08:39 AM NZDT
earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

What

Depressed Olive Amalda depressa

Observer

glycymeris

Date

December 20, 2020 05:55 PM NZDT

Description

Found hermit crabbed on rocks surrounded by fine sand at low tide. These photos were taken replaced on the beach to show shell features. Possibly common off there if dredged.
Approx 8-10 mm.

This is the Southernmost record of this species!

validated first observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

Square

Observer

dave_holland

Date

November 14, 2020 07:08 AM NZDT

Description

lots hanging around the muehlenbeckia and very hard to photo.

earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

What

Seaside Daisy Erigeron glaucus

Observer

dave_holland

Date

February 1, 2021 12:17 PM NZDT

Description

loads and loads of wild seedlings spreading from a big planted adult with "dandelion" type seeds this will spread far and wide damn it. looks like it will be a bad dune weed.

earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

Square

Observer

stephen_thorpe

Date

February 6, 2021

Description

Trapped inside an in service public bus.

Body length about 4 mm (large for a chalcidoid).

earliest online observation in NZ nationally

Photos / Sounds

Observer

dave_holland

Date

January 14, 2021 06:27 PM NZDT

Description

Unrecognised disease.

earliest online observation in NZ nationally

Photos / Sounds

What

Bedding Begonia Begonia semperflorens-cultorum

Observer

martinsnz

Date

January 5, 2021 02:55 PM +13

Description

Wild seedling on side of drain beside road. Shaded by tall trees. No other begonia seen nearby.

unsure

Photos / Sounds

What

Eastern Sycamore Lace Bug Corythucha ciliata

Observer

juan_arteaga

Date

January 11, 2021 01:41 PM +13
earliest online observation in NZ nationally

Photos / Sounds

What

European Paper Wasp Polistes dominula

Observer

kater_nz

Date

November 13, 2019 11:49 AM NZDT
earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

European Paper Wasp Polistes dominula

Observer

aciphyllafella

Date

February 23, 2020 02:12 PM +13
earliest online observation in this NZ city/district

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

European Paper Wasp Polistes dominula

Observer

billiegoat

Date

December 31, 2019 12:15 PM +13
earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

European Paper Wasp Polistes dominula

Observer

bythepark

Date

December 5, 2020 11:55 AM +13

Description

Blurry photo, sorry. It was in a container.

earliest online observation in this NZ city/district

Photos / Sounds

Square

Observer

dave_holland

Date

December 17, 2020 01:23 PM NZDT

Description

yes! i know it looks like a spider hunting wasp and that is what i thought it was, it even moved like one! but if im not mistaken it is actually a fly that is pretending to be bad ass! @steve_kerr plz :)

earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

Observer

dave_holland

Date

December 17, 2020 09:47 AM NZDT

Description

rose species that is spreading as a bird dispersed invasive weed right the way along the westcoast from near greymouth right thru past punakaiki. very common in regen bush edges, roadside hedges etc etc same as other weeds.

earliest online observation in this NZ region

Photos / Sounds

Observer

dave_holland

Date

December 15, 2020 09:14 AM NZDT
earliest online observation in this NZ region
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Projects Using This Field

New Zealand discoveries icon

New Zealand discoveries

This project collects together important discoveries made on iNaturalist NZ of wild exotic and native speci...

Comments

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I've made this field to better keep track of the significant first observations of taxa being made by the iNaturalist NZ community. We've discovered a lot of new things but we've not had a consistent way on-site to mark them.

For the moment, I've got "first observation in NZ nationally", "first observation in this NZ region", "first observation in this NZ city", "first observation in over a decade in NZ", "first observation in over a decade in this NZ region", and "first observation in over a decade in this NZ city".

I'm meaning NZ's political regions since they are most familiar to people but perhaps ecological regions and districts should be included too (and any marine equivalents of those).

For now I've not separated arrivals of new exotics from newly discovered natives. I figure that can be determined from the taxon biostatus.

@clinton @stephen_thorpe, @tony_wills, @pjd1, @meurkc, @john_barkla @steve_kerr @david_lyttle @leonperrie @cooperj Any thoughts on other categories we should include?

Posted by jon_sullivan over 2 years ago (Flag)
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I've had so many I can't recall them all.

Posted by cooperj over 2 years ago (Flag)
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Yes, I figured as much! :-)

Posted by jon_sullivan over 2 years ago (Flag)
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It would be nice if we had something that could animate a map sequence to show the progress of an invasive species, having the first observations tagged like this would be a start.

What about something to designate entirely new species, rather than just new to NZ?

Posted by tony_wills over 2 years ago (Flag)
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I produced a couple of animated gifs of the progress of the harlequin ladybird and the giant willow aphid. I should put them somewhere visible. Others have done likewise. Fairly easy to to do in QGIS.

Posted by cooperj over 2 years ago (Flag)
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@tony_wills Good point. How about "New species to science"?

Posted by jon_sullivan over 2 years ago (Flag)
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It would be helpful if there was a way to search with some sort of filter which would show observations within a group which fall below some designated numeric threshold (eg. "my observations + diptera + fewer than 5 or fewer than 2, etc.).

Posted by steve_kerr over 2 years ago (Flag)
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I just tested it on a recent observation (https://inaturalist.nz/observations/11478971) and see that it will only accept one choice

(I tried doing it twice ... once for first in this region, and once for first time in a decade in NZ).

Posted by steve_kerr over 2 years ago (Flag)
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@steve_kerr Yes, you can only select one value in a field. I see your point that this is awkward. How about we breaking this into two fields, one for "first" options and one for "first time in a decade" options.

Posted by jon_sullivan over 2 years ago (Flag)
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That would do. Also, I just added one for my observation of Eristalinus aeneus ... a first in this region. But then I had a second thought. This is a first for this region on iNat, but it may not actually be a first for this region if one were to review the literature (some of which is in French or German, etc.). That is, a lot of the old timers made observations of species or reviewed museum specimens or private collections and recorded these in their publications .... sometimes hard to find.

Posted by steve_kerr over 2 years ago (Flag)
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@steve_kerr OK. I'll keep this field "New Zealand discovery" and shift the "first in a decade" options to a new field, "New Zealand rediscoveries".

I was also thinking about how sure we can be sometimes that something is new. That's why I included "public" in "public collections and databases" in my description. Some collections are much easier to access and search than others. As long as we do our best, we can alter the classification of our observations as new information comes to light.

Posted by jon_sullivan over 2 years ago (Flag)
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I'm out on this one. I just think you are creating a far too complex system for its worth.

Posted by stephen_thorpe over 2 years ago (Flag)
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@stephen_thorpe OK. Any suggestions on what a simple system would look like that you'd prefer? It's simpler now that the "first in a decade" options are shifted to another field.

I started this when I realised that I couldn't reliably filter by your "New to N.Z." tag without getting under the hood.

Posted by jon_sullivan over 2 years ago (Flag)
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It depends on what you want to use it for. The discussion above has ventured into too complex ground. The first observation on iNat of a species is easily located on a species by species basis. Whether or not it is the first observation of a species ever in N.Z. (or some part thereof) is not easy to determine in general. This is especially true for species, particularly inverts, "new to science". At least for insects, there are vast historical collections (e.g. NZAC) still very incompletely sorted, and one would have to be as on top of the literature as I am to even know if there hadn't already been a published record. General users trying to grapple with all this will inevitably make mistakes, and these mistakes might be difficult to get corrected, particularly after a user has moved on. Sorry, but I just see this idea causing more chaos than it clears up! It might work for a few clear cut cases, but not for the majority of all cases.

Posted by stephen_thorpe over 2 years ago (Flag)
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What do you think of my suggestion that this be added to the filter options ? Wouldn't this be a way to find and sort rarely seen species ? If one wished, one could filter by region and by (low) number of observations to gain the insights we're talking about here.

Posted by steve_kerr over 2 years ago (Flag)
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I think it is best done on a species by species basis, i.e. you type in a species name and get all the observations mapped and listed for that species, from which you can easily see how many observations there are and where they are from.

Posted by stephen_thorpe over 2 years ago (Flag)
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@stephen_thorpe I see your point. This is all much easier with plants than inverts since most of the plant records are digitised and available (and there are vastly few taxa). Perhaps first record on iNat is all we can hope for. I was wanting to also highlight the taxa that, to the best of our collective knowledge, are actually first records for NZ. Perhaps that's not possible.

@steve_kerr Yes, I like that filtering idea. I'll see if I can get it working in R with rinat first. At the moment all we can do on the site is get a list of species ordered by how many observations you've made (https://inaturalist.nz/observations?place_id=6803&subview=table&taxon_id=47822&user_id=steve_kerr&verifiable=any&view=species). I see how it would be useful to also filter or sort these by how many total observations have every been made.

Posted by jon_sullivan over 2 years ago (Flag)
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@jon_sullivan

"Perhaps first record on iNat is all we can hope for"

Yes, but is that information useful for anything in particular? Also, if you do want to know the first iNat record for a species, for some reason, can't you do that fairly straightforwardly anyway, using existing functionality?

Even then, you have the complications of first observed vs. first uploaded, and the possibility of "first equal", but I don't see any of this helping any with documenting our biodiversity and ecology.

Posted by stephen_thorpe over 2 years ago (Flag)
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Jon said "This is all much easier with plants than inverts since most of the plant records are digitised and available (and there are vastly few taxa). "

No way! We haven't even scratched the surface. CHR is perhaps 20% digitised I believe, and that's one of the better digitised herbaria.

Posted by cooperj over 2 years ago (Flag)
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@cooperj The surface is definitely more than scratched for plants. AKL is digitised (all of it, I thought) and I think that's the second biggest.Many of the smaller herbaria are too. Virtual Herbarium makes discovering those records easy.

I thought CHR was higher than 20%. Some areas and taxa are much better. For example, I had two summer scholars work with Aaron at CHR several years ago to digitise all naturalised dicots from the wider Christchurch/Banks Peninisula area (minus the Armstrong collection which was in ownership limbo at the time).

Posted by jon_sullivan over 2 years ago (Flag)
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OK the actual data for CHR is 40% digitised and other institutes less easily to figure out. But, whatever, even for plants you don't have the digital distribution data to say anything with certainty.

Posted by cooperj over 2 years ago (Flag)
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No. Auckland has 70% digitised and online. Better, but not great. Otago ...

Posted by cooperj over 2 years ago (Flag)
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@stephen_thorpe Perhaps there's a baby-bath water thing here. I agree that first on iNaturalist, while easy to detect, is meaningless for most taxa. Identifying first records from all accessible electronic records (NZ electronic databases and GBIF) still seems to me a useful thing to do. If anything, these would highlight the records that need a closer look.

What if there were two tiers here? "Possible first" for first on iNat, GBIF, etc, and "First" only for those few observations which get published in the scientific literature after a closer look.

Posted by jon_sullivan over 2 years ago (Flag)
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Good idea Jon - but like Jerry I don't think I can remember them all. We are finding lots of new lichens (both new records for New Zealand but also new species). I usually try to note these facts in my comments section (I find it useful for my own records as much as anything else) - see Lecanora kohu as an example - there you even have what ended up being the Holotype documented), and the new Thelotrema we have just found. So I like the concept but wonder if I will remember to make the annotation. We shall see.

AK is Jon as far as I know the most fully digitized for all New Zealand Indigenous and Naturalized Plants - the only ones not done are those foreign collections and they are being done now. AK is the most advanced of the New Zealand Herbaria in this respect. From what I have seen of it CHR is the least.

Posted by pjd1 over 2 years ago (Flag)
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@jon_sullivan I'm populating the taxon comments section for species with all sorts of information, including first records of exotics (from all available sources, including iNat observations), so a lot of useful info can be found there, for example: https://inaturalist.nz/listed_taxa/8330184

Posted by stephen_thorpe over 2 years ago (Flag)
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Good to see things have improved re digitisation. Over the years, and as GBIF Node Manager, I have carried out two national surveys (TFBIS funded) to assess the status of national biodata in museusm, CRIs and councils, with a view to GBIF NZ funding for digitisation. The reports are available somewhere. The situation was far worse, and still is in many sectors I expect. The exercise was to assess the scale of the task necessary to implement an NZ GBIF node. But DOC internalised the TFBIS fund and MBIE have not been not willing to properly fund GBIF. The consequence is that NZ is now far behind most countries that have signed the GBIF intergovernmental agreement. In CHR at least there has been funding to support digitisation of weeds, because if the biosecurity perspective. Less effort on natives. I very much doubt CHR is the worst. It would need another survey to accurately assess the current national picture.

Posted by cooperj over 2 years ago (Flag)
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@stephen_thorpe Thanks for doing that. Very helpful!

Posted by jon_sullivan over 2 years ago (Flag)
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@stephen_thorpe @cooperj @pjd1 @steve_kerr

Thanks for your thoughts and criticisms. I've changed the fields to the following and will see how they work. I'm still open to abandoning this altogether but would like to give it a go first.

unsure
earliest online observation in NZ nationally
earliest online observation in this NZ region
earliest online observation in this NZ city/district
possible first observation of species new to science
validated first observation in NZ nationally
validated first observation in this NZ region
validated first observation in this NZ city/district
validated first observation of species new to science

I've also set up a project, "New Zealand discoveries" where these observations can all be found together. Adding an observation to that project will bring up the two fields, "New Zealand discovery" and "New Zealand rediscovery". One or both can be filled in.

My rationale for persisting with this is three-fold. Personally I'd like to know about how many important discoveries are being made across iNaturalist NZ, and how many are being made by members of the public that might not have been found otherwise. I keep my own list offline but I know it's incomplete.

I'd also like new users and people curious about iNat NZ to be able to see one of the scientific values in making observations of species they haven't noticed before.

Lastly, I'd like to be able to use these observations to illustrate to NZ institutions one of the scientific values of supporting the growth of iNaturalist NZ as a community and tech platform.

Posted by jon_sullivan over 2 years ago (Flag)

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